1,958 Pages

## Wiki markup -- making the page look the way you wantEdit

### Basic text formatting Edit

What it looks like What you type

You can italicize text by putting 2 apostrophes on each side.

3 apostrophes will bold the text.

5 apostrophes will bold and italicize the text.

(4 apostrophes don't do anything special -- there's just 'one left over'.)

You can ''italicize text'' by putting 2
apostrophes on each side.

3 apostrophes will bold '''the text'''.

5 apostrophes will bold and italicize
'''''the text'''''.

(4 apostrophes don't do anything special -- there's just ''''one left over''''.)


A single newline has no effect on the layout. But an empty line

starts a new paragraph.

A single newline
has no effect
on the layout.
But an empty line

starts a new paragraph.


You can break lines
without a new paragraph.

You can break lines<br>
without a new paragraph.<br>


- Three tildes gives your user name: Karl Wick
- Four tildes give your user name plus date/time: Karl Wick 07:46, 27 November 2005 (UTC)
- Five tildes gives the date/time alone: 07:46, 27 November 2005 (UTC)

You should "sign" your comments
on talk pages: <br>
- Three tildes gives your user
name: ~~~ <br>
- Four tildes give your user
name plus date/time: ~~~~ <br>
- Five tildes gives the
date/time alone: ~~~~~ <br>


You can use HTML tags, too, if you want. Some useful ways to use HTML:

Put text in a typewriter font. The same font is generally used for computer code.

Strike out or underlinetext, or write it in small caps.

Superscripts and subscripts: X2, H2O

Invisible comments to editors ( ) only appear while editing the page.

If you wish to make comments to the public, you should usually go on the talk page, though.

You can use <b>HTML tags</b>,
too, if you want. Some useful
ways to use HTML:

Put text in a <tt>typewriter
font</tt>. The same font is
generally used for <code>
computer code</code>.

<strike>Strike out</strike>
or <u>underline</u> text,
or write it <span style=
"font-variant:small-caps">
in small caps</span>.

Superscripts and subscripts:
X<sup>2</sup>, H<sub>2</sub>O

Invisible comments to editors ( <!-- --> )
only appear while editing the page.
<!-- Note to editors: blah blah blah. -->

If you wish to make comments to the public,
you should usually go on the talk page, though.


For a list of HTML tags that are allowed, see [HTML in wikitext]. However, you should avoid HTML in favor of Wiki markup whenever possible.

What it looks like What you type

Subsection

Using more equals signs creates a subsection.

A smaller subsection

Don't skip levels, like from two to four equals signs.

Start with 2 equals signs not 1 because 1 creates H1 tags which should be reserved for page title.

== Section headings ==

The Wiki software can automatically generate

=== Subsection ===

Using more equals signs creates a subsection.

==== A smaller subsection ====

Don't skip levels,
like from two to four equals signs.

because 1 creates H1 tags
which should be reserved for page title.

• Unordered [list]s are easy to do:
• Start every line with a star.
• More stars indicate a deeper level.
• A newline
• in a list

marks the end of the list.

• Of course you can start again.
* ''Unordered lists'' are easy to do:
** Start every line with a star.
*** More stars indicate a deeper level.
* A newline
* in a list
marks the end of the list.
* Of course you can start again.

1. Numbered lists are:
1. Very organized
2. Easy to follow

A newline marks the end of the list.

1. New numbering starts with 1.
# ''Numbered lists'' are also good:
## Very organized
## Easy to follow
A newline marks the end of the list.
# New numbering starts with 1.


Another kind of list is a definition list:

Word
Definition of the word
Here is a longer phrase that needs a definition
Phrase defined
A word
Which has a definition
Also a second one
And even a third
Another kind of list is a ''definition list'':
; Word : Definition of the word
; Here is a longer phrase that needs a definition
: Phrase defined
; A word : Which has a definition
: Also a second one
: And even a third

• You can even do mixed lists
1. and nest them
2. inside each other
• or break lines
in lists.
definition lists
can be
nested too
* You can even do mixed lists
*# and nest them
*# inside each other
*#* or break lines<br>in lists.
*#; definition lists
*#: can be
*#;; nested too

A colon (:) indents a line or paragraph.

A newline after that starts a new paragraph.
This is often used for discussion on [talk pages].

We use 1 colon to indent once.
We use 2 colons to indent twice.
We use 3 colons to indent 3 times, and so on.
: A colon (:) indents a line or paragraph.
A newline after that starts a new paragraph. <br>
This is often used for discussion on talk pages.
: We use 1 colon to indent once.
:: We use 2 colons to indent twice.
::: We use 3 colons to indent 3 times, and so on.


You can make horizontal dividing lines (----) to separate text.

You can make horizontal dividing lines (----)
to separate text.
----
But you should usually use sections instead,


You can add footnotes to sentences using the ref tag -- this is especially good for citing a source.

There are over six billion people in the world.[1]
References:
1. CIA World Factbook, 2006.

For details, see [Wikipedia:Footnotes] and [Help:Footnotes].

You can add footnotes to sentences using the ''ref'' tag
-- this is especially good for citing a source.

:There are over six billion people in the world.
<ref>CIA World Factbook, 2006.</ref> <br>

References: <references/>

For details, see [[Wikipedia:Footnotes]] and [[Help:Footnotes]].


You will often want to make clickable links to other pages.

What it looks like What you type

Here's a link to a page named Official position. You can even say official positions and the link will show up correctly.

Here's a link to a page named [[Official position]].
You can even say [[official position]]s
and the link will show up correctly.


You can put formatting around a link. Example: [Wikipedia].

You can put formatting around a link.
Example: ''[[Wikipedia]]''.


The first letter of articles is automatically capitalized, so wikipedia goes to the same place as Wikipedia. Capitalization matters after the first letter.

The ''first letter'' of articles is automatically
capitalized, so [[wikipedia]] goes to the same place
as [[Wikipedia]]. Capitalization matters after the
first letter.


The weather in Moscow is a page that doesn't exist yet. You could create it by clicking on the link.

[[The weather in Moscow]] is a page that doesn't exist
yet. You could create it by clicking on the link.


You can link to a page section by its title:

If multiple sections have the same title, add a number. #Example section 3 goes to the third section named "Example section".

You can link to a page section by its title:

*[[Main_Page#Tips]].

If multiple sections have the same title, add
a number. [[#Example section 3]] goes to the
third section named "Example section".


You can make a link point to a different place with a piped link. Put the link target first, then the pipe character "|", then the link text.

You can make a link point to a different place
target first, then the pipe character "|", then

*[[Help:Contents|View the Help Pages]]
*[[Stamp#History|Stamp's History]]


You can make an external link just by typing a URL: http://www.nupedia.com

You can give it a title: Nupedia

Or leave the title blank: [1]

You can make an external link just by typing a URL:
http://www.nupedia.com

You can give it a title:
[http://www.nupedia.com Nupedia]

Or leave the title blank:
[http://www.nupedia.com]


Linking to an e-mail address works the same way: mailto:someone@domain.com or someone

Linking to an e-mail address works the same way:
mailto:someone@domain.com or
[mailto:someone@domain.com someone]


You can [redirect] the user to another page.

#REDIRECT [[Official position]]


[Category links] do not show up in line but instead at page bottom and cause the page to be listed in the category.

Add an extra colon to link to a category in line without causing the page to be listed in the category: Category:Wiki Help

[[Help:Category|Category links]] do not show up in line
but instead at page bottom ''and cause the page to be
listed in the category.''
[[Category:Wiki Help]]

without causing the page to be listed in the category:
[[:Category:Wiki Help]]


The Wiki reformats linked dates to match the reader's date preferences. These three dates will show up the same if you choose a format in your Preferences:

The Wiki reformats linked dates to match the reader's
date preferences. These three dates will show up the
same if you choose a format in your
[[Special:Preferences|]]:
* [[July 20]], [[1969]]
* [[20 July]] [[1969]]
* [[1969]]-[[07-20]]


### Just show what I typedEdit

A few different kinds of formatting will tell the Wiki to display things as you typed them.

What it looks like What you type

The nowiki tag ignores [[Wiki]] ''markup''. It reformats text by removing newlines and multiple spaces. It still interprets special characters: →

<nowiki>
The nowiki tag ignores [[Wiki]] ''markup''.
It reformats text by removing
newlines    and multiple spaces.
It still interprets special
characters: &rarr;
</nowiki>

The pre tag ignores [[Wiki]] ''markup''.
It also doesn't     reformat text.
It still interprets special characters: →

<pre>
The pre tag ignores [[Wiki]] ''markup''.
It also doesn't     reformat text.
It still interprets special characters: &rarr;
</pre>


Leading spaces are another way to preserve formatting.

Putting a space at the beginning of each
line stops the text   from being reformatted.
It still interprets Wiki markup and
special characters: →

Leading spaces are another way to preserve formatting.

Putting a space at the beginning of each
line stops the text   from being reformatted.
It still interprets [[Wiki]] ''markup'' and
special characters: &rarr;


### Images, tables, video, and soundsEdit

After uploading, just enter the filename, highlight it and press the "embedded image"-button of the edit_toolbar.

What it looks like What you type

A picture, including alternate text:

You can put the image in a frame with a caption:

A picture, including alternate text:

[[Image:Wiki.png|The logo for this Wiki]]

You can put the image in a frame with a caption:
[[Image:Wiki.png|frame|The logo for this Wiki]]


A link to Wikipedia's page for the image: Image:Wiki.png

Or a link directly to the image itself: Media:Wiki.png

A link to Wikipedia's page for the image:
[[:Image:Wiki.png]]

Or a link directly to the image itself:
[[Media:Wiki.png]]


Use media: links to link directly to sounds or videos: A sound file

Use '''media:''' links to link directly to sounds
or videos: [[media:Sg_mrob.ogg|A sound file]]

This is
a table
{| border="1" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="5" align="center"
! This
! is
|-
| a
| table
|-
|}



### Mathematical formulas Edit

You can format mathematical formulas with TeX markup. See Help:Formula.

What it looks like What you type

$\sum_{n=0}^\infty \frac{x^n}{n!}$

$\sum_{n=0}^\infty \frac{x^n}{n!}$


### TemplatesEdit

Templates are segments of Wiki markup that are meant to be copied automatically ("transcluded") into a page. You add them by putting the template's name in {{double braces}}.

Some templates take parameters, as well, which you separate with the pipe character.

What it looks like What you type

This text comes from the page named Template:Transclusion demo. It has been transcluded into this page.

{{Transclusion demo}}


This template takes two parameters, and creates underlined text with a hover box for many modern browsers supporting CSS:

Hover your mouse over this text

This template takes two parameters, and